Societal Reactions to Social Movements in Elections in Asian Countries: An Overview of Democracy

Authors

  • Pang Sopheap Faculty of Social Science, Svay Rieng University, Cambodia
  • Sum Chantrea Faculty of Social Science, Svay Rieng University, Cambodia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.47616/jamrsss.v4i1.359

Keywords:

Social Movements, Democractic Impact, Democracy

Abstract

This study was conducted with the intention of presenting a comprehensive picture of the ways in which voters and political parties in Asia have reacted to social movements during the course of election cycles. In addition to statistical analysis, we made use of other research methods such as literature reviews, case studies, surveys, and in-depth interviews to arrive at our conclusions. It was found that social movements have had a substantial influence on both the political rhetoric and the results of elections in a number of Asian nations. It was found that people's responses to social movements are complex and varied, and that these responses change depending on the political and cultural atmosphere at the time. People's perceptions on social movements change depending on the climate at the time. The findings of the study also came to the conclusion that the use of social media and other forms of technology in social movements may have both positive and bad effects on the democratic process. This study highlights the need for more research on the influence of social movements on democratic processes in Asian countries during election times.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Alvarez, S. E., & Escobar, A. (2018). Conclusion: theoretical and political horizons of change in contemporary Latin American social movements. In The making of social movements in Latin America (pp. 317-330). Routledge.

Amenta, E., Andrews, K. T., & Caren, N. (2018). The political institutions, processes, and outcomes movements seek to influence. The Wiley Blackwell companion to social movements, 447-465. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781119168577.ch25

Bernhard, M. (2020). What do we know about civil society and regime change thirty years after 1989?. East European Politics, 36(3), 341-362. https://doi.org/10.1080/21599165.2020.1787160

Brantly, A. F. (2019). From cyberspace to independence square: understanding the impact of social media on physical protest mobilization during Ukraine’s Euromaidan revolution. Journal of information technology & politics, 16(4), 360-378. https://doi.org/10.1080/19331681.2019.1657047

Carberry, E. J., Bharati, P., Levy, D. L., & Chaudhury, A. (2019). Social movements as catalysts for corporate social innovation: Environmental activism and the adoption of green information systems. Business & Society, 58(5), 1083-1127. https://doi.org/10.1177/0007650317701674

Cartel, E. (2018). Democratization and the decline of urban social movements in Uruguay: A political-institutional account. In The making of social movements in Latin America (pp. 276-290). Routledge.

Chong, C. T. (2018). Democratic breakthrough in Malaysia–Political opportunities and the role of Bersih. Journal of Current Southeast Asian Affairs, 37(3), 109-137. https://doi.org/10.1177/186810341803700306

Daniel, A., & Neubert, D. (2019). Civil society and social movements: conceptual insights and challenges in African contexts. Critical African Studies, 11(2), 176-192. https://doi.org/10.1080/21681392.2019.1613902

Lim, M. (2018). Roots, routes, and routers: Communications and media of contemporary social movements. Journalism & Communication Monographs, 20(2), 92-136. https://doi.org/10.1177/1522637918770419

Liu, H., & Lim, G. (2019). The political economy of a rising China in Southeast Asia: Malaysia’s response to the Belt and Road Initiative. Journal of Contemporary China, 28(116), 216-231. https://doi.org/10.1080/10670564.2018.1511393

McAdam, D., & Tarrow, S. (2018). The political context of social movements. The Wiley Blackwell companion to social movements, 17-42. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781119168577.ch1

McCabe, A., & Harris, K. (2021). Theorizing social media and activism: where is community development?. Community Development Journal, 56(2), 318-337. https://doi.org/10.1093/cdj/bsz024

Milano, C., Novelli, M., & Cheer, J. M. (2019). Overtourism and degrowth: A social movements perspective. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 27(12), 1857-1875.

Morgenbesser, L., & Pepinsky, T. B. (2019). Elections as causes of democratization: Southeast Asia in comparative perspective. Comparative Political Studies, 52(1), 3-35. https://doi.org/10.1177/0010414018758763

Nikol, L. J., & Jansen, K. (2020). The politics of counter-expertise on aerial spraying: Social movements denouncing pesticide risk governance in the Philippines. Journal of Contemporary Asia, 50(1), 99-124. https://doi.org/10.1080/00472336.2018.1551962

Reinecke, J. (2018). Social movements and prefigurative organizing: Confronting entrenched inequalities in Occupy London. Organization Studies, 39(9), 1299-1321. https://doi.org/10.1177/0170840618759815

Sinpeng, A. (2020). Digital media, political authoritarianism, and Internet controls in Southeast Asia. Media, Culture & Society, 42(1), 25-39. https://doi.org/10.1177/0163443719884052

Sternisko, A., Cichocka, A., & Van Bavel, J. J. (2020). The dark side of social movements: Social identity, non-conformity, and the lure of conspiracy theories. Current opinion in psychology, 35, 1-6. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.copsyc.2020.02.007

Tapsell, R. (2021). Social media and elections in Southeast Asia: The emergence of subversive, underground campaigning. Asian Studies Review, 45(1), 117-134. https://doi.org/10.1080/10357823.2020.1841093

Toepler, S., Zimmer, A., Fröhlich, C., & Obuch, K. (2020). The changing space for NGOs: Civil society in authoritarian and hybrid regimes. VOLUNTAS: International Journal of Voluntary and Nonprofit Organizations, 31(4), 649-662. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11266-020-00240-7

Tye, M., Leong, C., Tan, F., Tan, B., & Khoo, Y. H. (2018). Social media for empowerment in social movements: the case of Malaysia's grassroots activism. Communications of the Association for Information Systems, 42(1), 15. https://doi.org/10.17705/1CAIS.04215

Welsh, B. (2018). “Saviour” Politics and Malaysia's 2018 electoral democratic breakthrough: Rethinking explanatory narratives and implications. Journal of Current Southeast Asian Affairs, 37(3), 85-108. https://doi.org/10.1177/186810341803700305

Young, A., Selander, L., & Vaast, E. (2019). Digital organizing for social impact: Current insights and future research avenues on collective action, social movements, and digital technologies. Information and Organization, 29(3), 100257. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.infoandorg.2019.100257

Downloads

Published

2023-01-18

How to Cite

Sopheap, P., & Chantrea, S. (2023). Societal Reactions to Social Movements in Elections in Asian Countries: An Overview of Democracy . Journal of Asian Multicultural Research for Social Sciences Study, 4(1), 44-51. https://doi.org/10.47616/jamrsss.v4i1.359