Does Remote Population Have Better Immune Protection Against Cardiovascular?

Main Article Content

Veshal Thupa
Rahul Dherej

Abstract

In isolated ethnic groups, the epidemiology of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) is yet unclear. The purpose of this research is to examine the impact of environmental, dietary, and endogamous variables on the prevalence of cardiovascular disease risk factors. To conduct a cross-sectional research on healthy individuals. Enzymatic techniques were used to assess glycaemia and lipids, and the results were analyzed using Body Mass Index and Blood Pressure. Animal proteins, saturated and unsaturated fats, sodium chloride, monosodium glutamate, and refined sugar are more prevalent in metropolitan foods than in rural ones. They are more sedentary and had higher BMI, DBP, and SBP levels (p 0.0001). There is a 1.5 times greater frequency of pre-HT, stage I/II HT, and atherosclerosis among city residents compared to those in rural areas, where the atherogenicity index is lower (2,77 vs 3,84). According to our results, none of the people in the study were underweight or malnourished. Despite this, cardiovascular risk variables like as CT, TG, CDL-C/HDL-C, glycaemia, and blood pressure rise as a result of lifestyle changes associated with urbanization among city dwellers. There is no evidence to suggest that the characteristics of the population under research make them more immune to these diseases than other populations.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Thupa, V., & Dherej, R. (2022). Does Remote Population Have Better Immune Protection Against Cardiovascular?. Journal of Asian Multicultural Research for Medical and Health Science Study, 3(2), 8-15. https://doi.org/10.47616/jamrmhss.v3i2.258
Section
Articles

References

Agoudavi K. Adjoh KS, Afanvi K, Agbétsiafa K, Tamekloe T, Sadzo-Hetsu KD, Kinde R et al. 2012. Ministère de la Santé, Service des Maladies Non Transmissibles. Rapport final de l’enquête STEPS 2010. Togo. [consulté le 10 septembre 2015] http://www.who.int/chp/steps/2010STEPS_Report_Togo_FR.pdf

Baragou S, Goeh-Akue E, Pio M, Afassinou YM, Atta B. 2014. Hypertension and pregnancy in Lome (sub-Saharan Africa): epidemiology, diagnosis and risk factors. Annals of Cardiology and Angiology, 63(3):145-50. doi: 10.1016/j.

Barton P, Andronis L, Briggs A, McPherson K, Capewell S. (2011). Effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of cardiovascular disease prevention in whole populations: modelling study. British Medical Journal, 343:357.

Bosu W. K. (2010). Epidemic of hypertension in Ghana: a systematic review. BioMed Central Public Health, 10: 418 doi: 10.1186/1471-2458-10-418.

Dalal. S, Beunza. J. J, Volmink. J, Adebamowo. C, Bajunirwe. F, Njelekela. M, (2011). Non-communicable diseases in subSaharan Africa: what we know now. International Journal of Epidemiology, 40(4): 885–901. doi:10.1093/ije/dyr050.

Ergul, A. (2000). Hypertension in Black Patients An Emerging Role of the Endothelin System in Salt-Sensitive Hypertension. Hypertension, 36: 62-67 doi: 10.1161/01.HYP.36.1.62

Fezeu, L., Kengne, A. P., Balkau, B., Awah, P. K., & Mbanya, J. C. (2010). Ten-year change in blood pressure levels and prevalence of hypertension in urban and rural Cameroon. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health, 64(4), 360-365.

Frohlich, K. L., & Potvin, L. (2008). Transcending the known in public health practice: the inequality paradox: the population approach and vulnerable populations. American journal of public health, 98(2), 216-221.

Gaziano, T. A. (2008). Economic burden and the costeffectiveness of treatment of cardiovascular diseases in Africa. Heart, 94(2):140–4.

Greene, C. M., Zern, T. L., Wood, R. J., Shrestha, S., Aggarwal, D., Sharman, M. J., ... & Fernandez, M. L. (2005). Maintenance of the LDL cholesterol: HDL cholesterol ratio in an elderly population given a dietary cholesterol challenge. The Journal of nutrition, 135(12), 2793-2798.

Houehanou, Y. C. N., Lacroix, P., Mizehoun, G. C., Preux, P. M., Marin, B., & Houinato, D. S. (2015). Magnitude of cardiovascular risk factors in rural and urban areas in Benin: findings from a nationwide steps survey. PLoS One, 10(5), e0126441.

James, P. A., Oparil, S., Carter, B. L., Cushman, W. C., Dennison-Himmelfarb, C., Handler, J., ... & Ortiz, E. (2014). 2014 evidence-based guideline for the management of high blood pressure in adults: report from the panel members appointed to the Eighth Joint National Committee (JNC 8). Jama, 311(5), 507-520.

Lim, S. S., Vos, T., Flaxman, A. D., Danaei, G., Shibuya, K., Adair-Rohani, H., ... & Pelizzari, P. M. (2012). A comparative risk assessment of burden of disease and injury attributable to 67 risk factors and risk factor clusters in 21 regions, 1990–2010: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010. The lancet, 380(9859), 2224-2260.

Lozano, R., Naghavi, M., Foreman, K., Lim, S., Shibuya, K., Aboyans, V., ... & Remuzzi, G. (2012). Global and regional mortality from 235 causes of death for 20 age groups in 1990 and 2010: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010. The lancet, 380(9859), 2095-2128.

Mensah, G. A. (2008). Epidemiology of stroke and high blood pressure in Africa. Heart, 94(6), 697-705.

Nwaneli, C. U. (2010). Changing trend in coronary heart disease in Nigeria. Afrimedic Journal, 1(1), 1-4.

Pessinaba, S., Yayehd, K., Pio, M., Baragou, R., Afassinou, Y., Tchérou, T., & Damorou, F. (2012). L’obésité en consultation cardiologique à Lomé: prévalence et facteurs de risque cardio-vasculaire associés-étude chez 1200 patients. Pan African Medical Journal, 12(1).

Tété-Bénissan, A., Quashie, M. A., Lawson-Evi, K., Gnandi, K., Kokou, K., & Gbeassor, M. (2013). Influence of Moringa oleifera leaves on atherogenic lipids and glycaemia evolution in HIV-infected and uninfected malnourished patients. Journal of Applied Biosciences, 62, 4610-4619.

Tété–Bénissan A, & Gbéassor M. (2011). Phénotypes de l’alpha1-antitrypsine dans la population togolaise : Mise en évidence d’une fréquence élevée de l’allèle rare PiF dans une ethnie isolat. Pathologie Biologie, 59(5):269-274. Doi :10.1016/j. patbio.2009.10.003

Thompson, A., Di Angelantonio, E., Sarwar, N., Erqou, S., Saleheen, D., Dullaart, R. P., ... & Danesh, J. (2008). Association of cholesteryl ester transfer protein genotypes with CETP mass and activity, lipid levels, and coronary risk. Jama, 299(23), 2777-2788.

Touze, J. E. (2007). Les maladies cardiovasculaires et la transition epidemiologique du monde tropical. Médecine tropicale, 67(6), 541-542