Journal of Asian Multicultural Research for Medical and Health Science Study <p><strong>Journal of Asian Multicultural Research for Medical and Health Science Study (JAMRMHSS) </strong>ISSN <a href="">2708-972X</a> is an international platform for scholars to publish research report, article review, and short communication. <strong>JAMRMHSS</strong> covers all the areas of research activities in all fields of Medical and Health Science such as Health Care Delivery, Health Care Research, Epidemiology, Medical Care, Nursing, Nursing Education, Neonatal nurse, Home Health Nursing Community and Home care, Information Technology in Nursing, Occupational Health and Safety, Midwifery, Health Care Administration, Hospital Science and Management, Innovations in Patient Care, Public Health, Health Psychology, Social Health, Physical health, Quaternary Care, Secondary Care, Veterinary Nursing, Medical Sciences and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Hospital and Clinical Pharmacy, Pathology, Physiotherapy &amp; Rehabilitation, Ergonomics, Food and Nutrition, Veterinary Medicines.</p> Journal of Asian Multicultural Research for Medical and Health Science Study en-US Journal of Asian Multicultural Research for Medical and Health Science Study 2708-972X Sampling Assistance Using the Poct Cholesterol Tool for Patients with Diabetes Mellitus in the Working Area of Puskesmas Ome <p>Diabetes has now become the seventh cause of death in all age groups in Indonesia. There is a tendency for non-communicable diseases such as Diabetes Mellitus (DM) to increase. This is due to unhealthy lifestyle behaviors that continue to develop in society. DM patients have the potential to suffer various complications if their glucose levels are not controlled. The rapid pace of technology has caused many laboratory equipment manufacturers to create a tool that can be used by both the health community and the non-health community. However, in preparing samples for examination, a phlebotomy technique is needed. Poor phlebotomy technique will affect the examination results issued by the portable device. This community service activity aims to provide knowledge and health checks related to sampling using a poct cholesterol tool for people with Diabetes Mellitus in the Work Area of the Ome Health Center. The methods used in this community service are lectures, question and answer and health checks, practicum (demonstrations), posttests and monitoring evaluations which are carried out 2 weeks later. The results of this community service resulted in the ability to use the POCT tool independently.</p> Irma B. Hi Lewa Samad Hi Husen Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Asian Multicultural Research for Medical and Health Science Study 2023-04-28 2023-04-28 4 2 1 5 10.47616/jamrmhss.v4i2.381 Hygiene Sanitation Snack Selling and Snack Consumption Behavior of Middle School Students <div><span lang="EN-US">The purpose of this research was to examine how educating middle school students about cleanliness and sanitation, enforcing laws on vendors, and implementing school policies affects the students' views and attitudes regarding buying snacks. Methods such as surveys, evaluations of vendors, and discussions in small groups were all part of the overall strategy. While teaching about proper cleanliness and sanitation is crucial, the research found that it may not be enough to get kids to rethink their snack-buying habits on its own. Assessments of vendors also found that many were not in complete compliance with applicable hygiene and sanitation laws, potentially endangering the health of customers. Middle school children may benefit greatly from school regulations that make healthy snack selections more accessible and restrict access to less healthy ones, according to the research. Researchers also found that vendors operating in close proximity to schools with stringent standards were more likely to follow those laws' guidelines for cleanliness and sanitation. Based on these results, it seems that school regulations may be a useful tool for fostering a culture of healthy snacking and assuring the security of school food. This research may help shape public health and food safety regulations and instructional programs that target middle school children and their snacking habits.</span></div> Saeteurn Chantou Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Asian Multicultural Research for Medical and Health Science Study 2023-05-17 2023-05-17 4 2 6 12 10.47616/jamrmhss.v4i2.363 In Vitro Thrombolytic Activity Test On Ethyl Acetate Fraction of Herb Phyllanthus niruri L <p>Atherothrombotic, which is an atherosclerotic inflammation with thrombus, is characterized by damage to blood vessels that causes myocardial infarction and isemic stroke with thrombolytic treatment. The side effects of thrombolytic treatment are the cause of the importance of alternative medicine from natural ingredients. The ethyl acetate fraction in Phyllanthus niruri L. is suspected to have thrombolytic activity due to the content of coumarin and flavonoid bioactive compounds based on research that has been done. The purpose of this study was to determine the thrombolytic activity of the ethyl acetate fraction of Phyllanthus niruri L. Thrombolytic activity test is done by measuring the percentage of clot lysis. This study used a true experimental method with a Post Test Only Control Group Design model in 6 treatments, positive control, negative control (PBS and 0.5% DMSO) and four samples for both tests, namely 250 g/mL, 500 g/mL, 1000 g/mL, 2000 g/mL. The results of statistical analysis showed that the data were normally distributed (Shapiro Wilk, p&gt;0.05). The result of the largest clot lysis thrombolytic test was 24.43% (2000ppm) smaller than the positive control 46.33%. The results of the thrombolytic ANOVA test showed that there was no significant difference between treatments, p&lt;0.05, namely 0.017 and F Count &gt; F Table, namely 0.937&gt;3.11. Based on the results, it was found that the ethyl acetate fraction of the herb Phyllanthus niruri L. had a thrombolytic substance with low potency.</p> Kurniawan Kurniawan Aina Salsabila Azkia Nadia Iha Fatihah Satwika BS Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Asian Multicultural Research for Medical and Health Science Study 2023-05-17 2023-05-17 4 2 13 17 10.47616/jamrmhss.v4i2.355 Spiritual Experience of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients: Phenomenological Study <p>Diabetes mellitus is a chronic disease that every sufferer must undergo this condition for life. Spirituality is an aspect that cannot be separated from diabetics in living their lives. This study aims to explore the spiritual aspects of diabetes mellitus patients in living their lives. This research using This qualitative research uses a phenomenological study design conducted in the city of Padangsidimpuan. This research design is a phenomenological study involving 10 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and was conducted for 3 months (November 2021 to January 2022).. The sample criteria in this study are; people with type 2 diabetes mellitus; diabetic patients who are not cognitively impaired; diagnosed with diabetes for at least 5 years; have a minimum education degree, can communicate verbally and nonverbally. Data analysis using Collaizi method. The results of this study obtained 4 themes and 12 sub-themes. The themes obtained are: 10 effects of diabetes on life; 2) motivation for self-management of diabetes; 3) the role of the spiritual in self-care; 4) a source of strength and hope. Spirituality cannot be separated from the life of diabetic patients. The findings and implicit research that can improve coping and support in self-care of diabetics at home.</p> Adi Antoni Eva Decroli Afriwardi Afriwardi Irwan Prayitno Nur Indrawati Lipoeto Nursyirwan Efendi Mudjiran Mudjiran Hardisman Hardisman Zuriati Muhamad Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Asian Multicultural Research for Medical and Health Science Study 2023-06-14 2023-06-14 4 2 18 27 10.47616/jamrmhss.v4i2.383 Relationship Between Nurse Therapeutic Communication with Patient Satisfaction in Outpatient Installation of Special Eye Hospital <p>Therapeutic Communication is communication that is consciously planned and aims to heal the patient. Therapeutic communication is carried out by nurses and plays an important role in helping patients recover. Therapeutic communication is needed in dealing with patients, if it is not implemented properly it will disrupt the relationship which has an impact on patient dissatisfaction. Objective of the research to determine the relationship between nurse therapeutic communication and patient satisfaction in the Outpatient Installation of the Medan Baru Special Eye Hospital. Method: The research method used is quantitative with a cross sectional approach. The research location is at the Medan Baru Special Eye Hospital. The study population was all outpatient BPJS patients at the Medan Baru Special Eye Hospital and a sample of 95 people. Sampling was done by accidental sampling. The results shows that the orientation stage variable has a p-value of 0.000 &lt;0.05, the work stage has a p-value of 0.000 &lt;0.05 and the termination stage has a p-value of 0.002 &lt;0.05. Conclusion there is a relationship between orientation stage, work stage and termination stage variables with BPJS patient satisfaction with p sig &lt;0.05. It is recommended that nurses improve therapeutic communication to patients so that they can improve the quality of health services.</p> Aida Sulisna Sri Agustina Meliala Khoirotun Najihah Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Asian Multicultural Research for Medical and Health Science Study 2023-06-15 2023-06-15 4 2 28 35 10.47616/jamrmhss.v4i2.389 Barriers Faced by Women with Physical Disabilities for Reproductive Health Care Services Utilization <p>Women with physical disabilities are often marginalized from mainstream healthcare services, and their reproductive health needs are not often met. The study aimed to explore the barriers faced by women with physical disabilities in reproductive health care utilization. This descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted between January to December 2021 among 83 conveniently selected women with physical disabilities of the reproductive age group (18-49 years). Data were obtained through face-to-face interviews from the participants using a pre-tested, semi-structured, interviewer-administered questionnaire. Among participants, the mean age was 29.3 years. All individuals reported that they experienced some sort of barrier to reproductive healthcare utilization. The Majority (50.6%) of the participants reported that disease was the cause of their disability. Traditional hurdles prevented 57% of participants from accessing reproductive healthcare, whereas 32.5% lacked familial support. Most (78.3%) of them said that accessing healthcare was expensive. More than half of the participants seeking reproductive healthcare found no wheelchair ramp or transfer aid. No service provider educated 69.9% of participants about reproductive healthcare services and rights. When asked about healthcare hurdles, individuals reported fear of poor care (75.9%), negative healthcare provider attitudes (68.7%), and communication issues with providers (67.5%). Some barriers to accessing reproductive health care services include high expenses, lack of family support, poor physical accessibility, lack of information, fear of poor care, negative attitudes of providers, and communication difficulties. Improving access to reproductive healthcare for women with physical disabilities requires addressing barriers and implementing necessary interventions.</p> Naila Haque Azizur Rahman Sharaque Adiba Sharmin Sikder Marzan Sultana Irfan Nowroze Noor Ummul Khair Alam Sathi Dastider Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Asian Multicultural Research for Medical and Health Science Study 2023-08-09 2023-08-09 4 2 36 45 10.47616/jamrmhss.v4i2.394 The Effect of Knowledge and Attitude on Employee Blood Donation Motivation <p>Blood donation is the activity of a person voluntarily giving blood, then processing its eligibility and transfusing it to patients who need it. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of knowledge and attitudes on blood donation motivation of employees at RSIA Sentosa Makassar. This type of research was quantitative research using an observational study with a cross sectional study design and using bivariate analysis. The sample in this study were all employees, totaling 82 respondents. The results of the study show that there is an effect of knowledge on employee blood donation motivation. RSIA Sentosa Makassar. Most of the donors in this study had a fairly good knowledge of 72.3%. This shows that most of the employee donors at RSIA Sentosa Makassar already know enough about matters regarding blood donation. There is an influence of attitudes on employee motivation to donate blood. RSIA Sentosa Makassar. The motivation of donors in donating blood in the study showed a fairly good value, namely 78%. This shows that the motivation of donors in terms of motivating themselves and others regarding blood donation is quite good. It is suggested to the hospital management that it is expected that more provide a lot of education about blood donation in the form of seminars or outreach to the community so that they can increase public knowledge about matters related to blood donation and more people are willing to donate their blood. For donors, it is hoped that they can share knowledge about blood donation with family/friends so that it can motivate other people to participate in blood donation activities.</p> Jemmy Lao Andi Niartiningsih Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Asian Multicultural Research for Medical and Health Science Study 2023-08-15 2023-08-15 4 2 46 56 10.47616/jamrmhss.v4i2.413 Relationship of Tenure with the Implementation of Occupational Health and Safety <p>The objective of the research to find out the relationship between tenure and the implementation of occupational health and safety at PT. Sumber Graha Sejahtera Luwu 2022. This type of research is an analytic survey with a cross design approach. This research will be conducted in the production department of PT. Sumber Graha Sejahtera Luwu Year 2022 Which was carried out in July-August at PT. Sumber Graha Sejahtera Luwu Year 2022, The sample in this study were 124 employees of PT Sumber Graha Sejahtera Luwu. The results of the study showed that There is no relationship between tenure and the application of Occupational Health and Safety to workers at PT Sumber Graha Sejahtera Luwu.</p> Sudirman Sanuddin Resty Ryadinency Nuraliyah Nuraliyah Zamli Zamli Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Asian Multicultural Research for Medical and Health Science Study 2023-07-25 2023-07-25 4 2 57 60 10.47616/jamrmhss.v4i2.411 Adolescent Mental Health and Physical Activity During the COVID-19 Pandemic in Padang City <p>The Covid-19 pandemic, a rapidly spreading infectious disease, limits one's activities and reduces physical activity as a result of the adoption of social isolation to reduce the risk of transmission. As the Covid-19 pandemic spreads, staying physically active is crucial to maintaining mental wellness. This study aims to investigate the relationship between physical exercise and adolescent mental health in the Covid-19 epidemic. This research uses a cross-sectional design and is quantitative. Using a stratified random sampling technique, 246 persons were sampled at SMPN Padang City. The Self Reporting Questionnaire-20 (SRQ-20) and Physical Activity Questionnaire-Adolescent (PAQ-A) questionnaires were distributed online using google forms for this study's collection of physical activity and mental health data. The data were analyzed using the Chi-square test. Adolescent mental health was shown to be significantly correlated with physical exercise (p-value = 0.000; OR 2.660; CI 1.568-4.515). Teenagers are advised to enhance their physical activity levels and learn about physical activities that can help prevent mental health difficulties during the COVID-19 pandemic in order to help prevent problems.</p> Susmiati Susmiati Miftah Fauziyah Mulyanti Roberto Muliantino Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Asian Multicultural Research for Medical and Health Science Study 2023-11-09 2023-11-09 4 2 61 69 10.47616/jamrmhss.v4i2.391