Spiritual Experience of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients: Phenomenological Study

Main Article Content

Adi Antoni
Eva Decroli
Afriwardi
Irwan Prayitno
Nur Indrawati Lipoeto
Nursyirwan Efendi
Mudjiran Mudjiran
Hardisman
Zuriati Muhamad

Abstract

Diabetes mellitus is a chronic disease that every sufferer must undergo this condition for life. Spirituality is an aspect that cannot be separated from diabetics in living their lives. This study aims to explore the spiritual aspects of diabetes mellitus patients in living their lives. This research using This qualitative research uses a phenomenological study design conducted in the city of Padangsidimpuan. This research design is a phenomenological study involving 10 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and was conducted for 3 months (November 2021 to January 2022).. The sample criteria in this study are; people with type 2 diabetes mellitus; diabetic patients who are not cognitively impaired; diagnosed with diabetes for at least 5 years; have a minimum education degree, can communicate verbally and nonverbally. Data analysis using Collaizi method. The results of this study obtained 4 themes and 12 sub-themes. The themes obtained are: 10 effects of diabetes on life; 2) motivation for self-management of diabetes; 3) the role of the spiritual in self-care; 4) a source of strength and hope. Spirituality cannot be separated from the life of diabetic patients. The findings and implicit research that can improve coping and support in self-care of diabetics at home.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Antoni, A., Decroli, E., Afriwardi, A., Prayitno, I., Lipoeto, N. I., Efendi, N., Mudjiran, M., Hardisman, H., & Muhamad, Z. (2023). Spiritual Experience of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients: Phenomenological Study. Journal of Asian Multicultural Research for Medical and Health Science Study, 4(2), 18-27. https://doi.org/10.47616/jamrmhss.v4i2.383
Section
Articles

References

ADA. (2018). Lifestyle management: Standards of medical care in Diabetesd2018. Diabetes Care, 41(January), S38–S50. https://doi.org/10.2337/dc18-S004

Adam, L., O’Connor, C., & Garcia, A. C. (2018). Evaluating the Impact of Diabetes Self-Management Education Methods on Knowledge, Attitudes and Behaviours of Adult Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. Canadian Journal of Diabetes, 42(5), 470-477.e2. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcjd.2017.11.003

Albargawi, M., Snethen, J., Gannass, A. A. L., & Kelber, S. (2016). Perception of persons with type 2 diabetes mellitus in Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Nursing Sciences, 3(1), 39–44. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijnss.2016.02.007

Antoni, A., Decroli, E., Prayitno, I., Lipoeto, N. I., Efendi, N., Hadi, A. J., Ritonga, N., Ahmad, H., & Antoni, A. (2022). Spirituality Domains and Spirituality of Diabetes Mellitus Type 2 Patients. 6(1), 1360–1366.

Baig, A. A., Benitez, A., Quinn, M. T., & Burnet, D. L. (2016). Baig A, Benitez A, Quinn M. Family interventions to improve diabetes outcomes for adults. Ann N Y Acad Sci. Author manuscript [revista en Internet] 2015 [acceso 13 de mayo de 2022]; 1353(1): 89-112. 1353(1), 89–112. https://doi.org/10.1111/nyas.12844.Family

Chai, S., Yao, B., Xu, L., Wang, D., Sun, J., Yuan, N., Zhang, X., & Ji, L. (2018). The effect of diabetes self-management education on psychological status and blood glucose in newly diagnosed patients with diabetes type 2. Patient Education and Counseling, 101(8), 1427–1432. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pec.2018.03.020

Chen, M., Yun, Q., Lin, H., Liu, S., Liu, Y., Shi, Y., Ji, Y., & Chang, C. (2022). Factors Related to Diabetes Self-Management Among Patients with Type 2 Diabetes: A Chinese Cross-Sectional Survey Based on Self-Determination Theory and Social Support Theory. Patient Preference and Adherence, 16(August 2021), 925–936. https://doi.org/10.2147/PPA.S335363

Choi, S. A., & Hastings, J. F. (2019). Religion, spirituality, coping, and resilience among African Americans with diabetes. Journal of Religion and Spirituality in Social Work, 38(1), 93–114. https://doi.org/10.1080/15426432.2018.1524735

Chong, S., Ding, D., Byun, R., Comino, E., Bauman, A., & Jalaludin, B. (2017). Lifestyle changes after a diagnosis of type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Spectrum, 30(1), 43–50. https://doi.org/10.2337/ds15-0044

Darvyri, P., Christodoulakis, S., Galanakis, M., Avgoustidis, A. G., Thanopoulou, A., & Chrousos, G. P. (2018). On the Role of Spirituality and Religiosity in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Management—A Systematic Review. Psychology, 09(04), 728–744. https://doi.org/10.4236/psych.2018.94046

de Wit, M., Trief, P. M., Huber, J. W., & Willaing, I. (2020). State of the art: understanding and integration of the social context in diabetes care. Diabetic Medicine, 37(3), 473–482. https://doi.org/10.1111/dme.14226

DeLaune, S. C., & Ladner, K. (2002). Fundamentals of Nursing.

Fincham, F. D., Seibert, G. S., May, R. W., Wilson, C. M., & Lister, Z. D. (2018). Religious Coping and Glycemic Control in Couples with Type 2 Diabetes. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, 44(1), 138–149. https://doi.org/10.1111/jmft.12241

Fisher, J. (2011). The four domains model: Connecting spirituality, health and well-being. Religions, 2(1), 17–28. https://doi.org/10.3390/rel2010017

Galaviz, K. I., Narayan, K. M. V., Lobelo, F., & Weber, M. B. (2018). Lifestyle and the Prevention of Type 2 Diabetes: A Status Report. American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine, 12(1), 4–20. https://doi.org/10.1177/1559827615619159

Ghaderi, A., Tabatabaei, S. M., Nedjat, S., Javadi, M., & Larijani, B. (2018). Journal of Medical Ethics and History of Medicine Original Article Explanatory definition of the concept of spiritual health : a qualitative study in Iran. Journal of Medical Ethics and History of Medicine, 11(3), 1–7.

Grabowski, D., Andersen, T. H., Varming, A., Ommundsen, C., & Willaing, I. (2017). Involvement of family members in life with type 2 diabetes: Six interconnected problem domains of significance for family health identity and healthcare authenticity. SAGE Open Medicine, 5, 205031211772865. https://doi.org/10.1177/2050312117728654

Gupta, P. S., & Anandarajah, G. (2014). The Role of Spirituality in Diabetes Self-Management in an Urban , Underserved Population : A Qualitative Exploratory Study. March, 31–35.

Haas, L., Maryniuk, M., Beck, J., Cox, C. E., Duker, P., Edwards, L., Fisher, E. B., Hanson, L., Kent, D., Kolb, L., McLaughlin, S., Orzeck, E., Piette, J. D., Rhinehart, A. S., Rothman, R., Sklaroff, S., Tomky, D., & Youssef, G. (2014). Professional practice committee for the 2014 clinical practice recommendations. Diabetes Care, 37(SUPPL.1), 1630–1637. https://doi.org/10.2337/dc14-S144

Hawthorne, D. M., & Gordon, S. C. (2020). The Invisibility of Spiritual Nursing Care in Clinical Practice. Journal of Holistic Nursing, 38(1), 147–155. https://doi.org/10.1177/0898010119889704

IDF. (2020). International Diabetes Federation: Diabetes Atlas.

Irwansyah, I., Kasim, I. S., & Bohari, B. (2021). The relationship between lifestyle with the risk of diabetes mellitus in staff and lecturers of universitas megarezky. Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences, 9, 198–202. https://doi.org/10.3889/oamjms.2021.5681

Jafari, N., Farajzadegan, Z., Loghmani, A., Majlesi, M., & Jafari, N. (2014). Spiritual well-being and quality of life of iranian adults with type 2 diabetes. Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 2014. https://doi.org/10.1155/2014/619028

Klimasiński, M., Baum, E., Praczyk, J., Ziemkiewicz, M., Springer, D., Cofta, S., & Wieczorowska-Tobis, K. (2022). Spiritual Distress and Spiritual Needs of Chronically Ill Patients in Poland: A Cross-Sectional Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 19(9). https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19095512

Kusnanto. (2011). Self care management - holistic psychospiritual care. 2.

Lynch, C. P., Hernandez-Tejada, M. A., Strom, J. L., & Egede, L. E. (2012). Association Between Spirituality and Depression in Adults With Type 2 Diabetes. The Diabetes Educator, 38(3), 427–435. https://doi.org/10.1177/0145721712440335

Movahed, A. H., Sabouhi, F., Mohammadpourhodki, R., Mahdavi, S., Goudarzian, S., Amerian, M., Mohtashami, M., Kheiri, M., & Imeni, M. (2020). Investigating the effect of transcendental meditation on spiritual wellbeing of Type-2 diabetic amputees: A clinical trial study. Heliyon, 6(11), e05567. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2020.e05567

Muhammad Nubli, A., & Salam, U. (2013). The Effects of Islamic Spiritual Activities on Psycho-Physiological Performance. Journal of Educational, Health and Community Psychology, 2(2), 1–12. https://doi.org/10.12928/Psychology.v2i2.1721

Ogurtsova, K., da Rocha Fernandes, J. D., Huang, Y., Linnenkamp, U., Guariguata, L., Cho, N. H., Cavan, D., Shaw, J. E., & Makaroff, L. E. (2017). IDF Diabetes Atlas: Global estimates for the prevalence of diabetes for 2015 and 2040. Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice, 128, 40–50. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.diabres.2017.03.024

Onyishi, C. N., Ilechukwu, L. C., Victor-Aigbodion, V., & Eseadi, C. (2021). Impact of spiritual beliefs and faith-based interventions on diabetes management. World Journal of Diabetes, 12(5), 630–641. https://doi.org/10.4239/wjd.v12.i5.630

Ramenzani, A; Ahmadi, F; Mohammadi, E; Kazemnejad, A. (2014). Spiritual Care In Nursing : A Concept Analysis International Nursing Review. International Nursing Review, 61(2), 211–219.

Rego, F., Gonçalves, F., Moutinho, S., Castro, L., & Nunes, R. (2020). The influence of spirituality on decision-making in palliative care outpatients: A cross-sectional study. BMC Palliative Care, 19(1), 1–14. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12904-020-0525-3

Saeedi, P., Petersohn, I., Salpea, P., Malanda, B., Karuranga, S., Unwin, N., Colagiuri, S., Guariguata, L., Motala, A. A., Ogurtsova, K., Shaw, J. E., Bright, D., & Williams, R. (2019). Global and regional diabetes prevalence estimates for 2019 and projections for 2030 and 2045: Results from the International Diabetes Federation Diabetes Atlas, 9th edition. Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice, 157, 107843. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.diabres.2019.107843

Schinckus, L., Van den Broucke, S., & Housiaux, M. (2014). Assessment of implementation fidelity in diabetes self-management education programs: A systematic review. Patient Education and Counseling, 96(1), 13–21. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pec.2014.04.002

Schneider, K. L., Andrews, C., Hovey, K. M., Seguin, R. A., Manini, T., LaMonte, M. J., Margolis, K. L., Waring, M. E., Ning, Y., Sims, S., Ma, Y., Ockene, J., Stefanick, M. L., & Pagoto, S. L. (2014). Change in Physical Activity after a Diabetes Diagnosis. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 46(1), 84–91. https://doi.org/10.1249/mss.0b013e3182a33010

Shigaki, C., Kruse, R. L., Mehr, D., Sheldon, K. M., Bin Ge, Moore, C., & Lemaster, J. (2010). Motivation and diabetes self-management. Chronic Illness, 6(3), 202–214. https://doi.org/10.1177/1742395310375630

Sonsona, J. B. (2014). Factors Influencing Diabetes Self-Management of Filipino Americans with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A Holistic Approach. ProQuest Dissertations and Theses, 178. https://doi.org/10.1002/ajmg.1320120305

Syarifah, S., Nugroho, S. A., Fauzi, A. K., Munir, Z., & Wahid, A. H. (2020). Hubungan Spiritual Coping dengan Self Monitoring pada Pasien Diabetes Melitus Tipe 2 di Poli Klinik Penyakit dalam RSUD Waluyo Jati Kraksaan Probolinggo. Jurnal Ners Dan Kebidanan (Journal of Ners and Midwifery), 7(1), 089–094. https://doi.org/10.26699/jnk.v7i1.art.p089-094

Watkins, Quinn, Ruggiero, Quinn, C. (2016). 乳鼠心肌提取 HHS Public Access. Physiology & Behavior, 176(1), 100–106. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gde.2016.03.011