Determinants Influencing Bed Occupancy Rate (BOR) at Langsa Hospital in the Covid-19 Pandemic

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Iskandar Iskandar
Arifah Devi Fitriani
Asriwati Asriwati


Health facilities with referral status for COVID-19 cases, reported a decrease in non-COVID inpatients, compared to facilities with non-referral status. The decrease in bed utilization (BOR) was very significant in several health facilities including Langsa Hospital 10-15% before 65-75%,. This study aims to study the Determinants of Factors Affecting the Decrease in Bed Utilization (BOR) at Langsa Hospital during the COVID-19 Pandemic Period in 2021. The research approach uses descriptive qualitative data collection techniques through in-depth interviews and informants are determined by purposive sampling of key informants, namely 4 inpatients and 2 supporting informants. The total number of informants is 6 people. The research instrument is the researcher himself and data collection through interviews, documentation and field observations. Data analysis technique with taxonomy. The results of the study, namely the availability of services due to reduced facilities, hospital policies in implementing health care programs, priority to hospitals from patients in independent practice health care services and community stigma regarding the confirmation of COVID-19 status in each patient, were the driving factors for the decrease in BOR at Langsa Hospital in the 2021 COVID-19 pandemic. It is recommended that the Langsa Hospital management coordinate with IPSRS for the availability of facilities, the health promotion section conducts more effective promotion and socialization methods and nursing provides training on effective communication.


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Iskandar, I., Fitriani, A. D. ., & Asriwati, A. (2021). Determinants Influencing Bed Occupancy Rate (BOR) at Langsa Hospital in the Covid-19 Pandemic. Journal of Asian Multicultural Research for Medical and Health Science Study, 2(4), 6-14.


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