Psidium Guajava L. Extract Against Minimum Inhibitory Concentration of Staphylococcus Aureus

Main Article Content

Lounh Theo Phong
Nha Thoy Lum

Abstract

The aim of this research was to evaluate the effects on the growth of Staphylococcus Aureus bacteria in vitro of antibacterial activity of guayava leaf extract (Psidium guajava L.) and guavava leaf extract impact on the growth of staphylococcus Aureus bacteria at different laboratory concentrations. In this experiment, S. Aureus bacteria are being treated to guava leaf extract to identify the lowest inhibitory power for well techniques, and the results have been recorded. The Guava leaf extract (Psidium Guajava L) against Staphylococcus aureus was found to have an inhibitory zone diameter of mm in the absence of tetracycline, and DMSO as a negative control. Findings were observed using the disk diffusion technique or paper disc with concentrations of 1 percent, 3 percent, 5 percent, and 7 percent. Saponins, saponins, alkaloids, and flavonoids found in guava leaves are responsible for their antibacterial effects. Saponins have the potential to disturb the integrity of bacterial cell membranes. This results in bacterial cell membrane destruction, releasing essential components from the cell

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Phong, L. . T., & Lum, N. T. . (2021). Psidium Guajava L. Extract Against Minimum Inhibitory Concentration of Staphylococcus Aureus. Journal of Asian Multicultural Research for Medical and Health Science Study, 2(3), 22-26. https://doi.org/10.47616/jamrmhss.v2i3.159
Section
Articles

References

Alayande, K. A., Pohl, C. H., & Ashafa, A. O. T. (2020). Evaluations of biocidal potential of Euclea crispa stem bark extract and ability to compromise the integrity of microbial cell membrane. Journal of Herbal Medicine, 21, 100304.

Alsarhan, A., Sultana, N., Al-Khatib, A., & Kadir, M. R. A. (2014). Review on some Malaysian traditional medicinal plants with therapeutic properties. Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 10(0), 149-159.

Barbalho, S. M., Farinazzi-Machado, F. M., de Alvares Goulart, R., Brunnati, A. C. S., Otoboni, A. M., & Ottoboni, B. J. M. A. P. (2012). Psidium guajava (Guava): A plant of multipurpose medicinal applications. Med Aromat Plants, 1(104), 2167-0412.

Carasi, P., Racedo, S. M., Jacquot, C., Elie, A. M., Serradell, M. D. L. Á., & Urdaci, M. C. (2017). Enterococcus durans EP1 a promising anti-inflammatory probiotic able to stimulate sIgA and to increase Faecalibacterium prausnitzii abundance. Frontiers in immunology, 8, 88.

Gurnani, P., Krishnan, C. G. A., Gurnai, R., Ghosh, A., & Shah, A. (2016). Antibacterial activity of Guava leaves extract against Lactobacillus acidophilus: an in-vitro study. Int J Oral Health Med Res, 2(6), 37-40.

Khan, M. I., Ahhmed, A., Shin, J. H., Baek, J. S., Kim, M. Y., & Kim, J. D. (2018). Green tea seed isolated saponins exerts antibacterial effects against various strains of gram positive and gram negative bacteria, a comprehensive study in vitro and in vivo. Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 2018.

Kowalska-Krochmal, B., & Dudek-Wicher, R. (2021). The minimum inhibitory concentration of antibiotics: Methods, interpretation, clinical relevance. Pathogens, 10(2), 165.

Naseer, S., Hussain, S., Naeem, N., Pervaiz, M., & Rahman, M. (2018). The phytochemistry and medicinal value of Psidium guajava (guava). Clinical Phytoscience, 4(1), 1-8.

Rahmatullah, M., Ferdausi, D., Mollik, A., Jahan, R., Chowdhury, M. H., & Haque, W. M. (2010). A survey of medicinal plants used by Kavirajes of Chalna area, Khulna district, Bangladesh. African Journal of Traditional, Complementary and Alternative Medicines, 7(2).

Wei, M. P., Yu, H., Guo, Y. H., Cheng, Y. L., Xie, Y. F., & Yao, W. R. (2021). Antibacterial activity of Sapindus saponins against microorganisms related to food hygiene and the synergistic action mode of Sapindoside A and B against Micrococcus luteus in vitro. Food Control, 108337.