Savagery and Civilization: Joseph Conrad’s "The Heart of Darkness"

Main Article Content

Fatimah Harbi Hamad
Mishaal Harb Mkhailef

Abstract

This research paper highlights Joseph Conrad’s satirical portrayal of "The Heart of Darkness" and shows how the white European people, the colonizers, take their lead in the novel to be civilized enough to go over the world and civilize people. Among those people the black people of Dark Continent Africa who were marginalized in the novel and to be called ‘uncivilized’ and ‘savage’ people.  Some great empires like the British Empire used the cover of the civilization so as to achieve their desires over the third world countries. Joseph Conrad in his  Heart of Darkness talked about these important themes, by showing the hypocritical ways that the British Empire used to colonize the third world countries and how did they use wicked plans to convince the world with their occupation.  The British Empire colonized Africa so as to exploit their main resources, especially  ivory, to use them in their manufactories. Also, this study aims to show how the British Empire used the cover of religion so as to convince the world of their deeds and to make them legal. This study focuses on the real ‘savagery’ concealing under the cover of ‘civilization’ and the real darkness existing inside the veil of white men. This study is based on historical research linked with a political background of imperialism. This study comes to its conclusion by showing the wicked ways that great empires used to colonize other countries, like Great British, and their policy to spread their control.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Hamad, F. H., & Mkhailef, M. H. (2023). Savagery and Civilization: Joseph Conrad’s "The Heart of Darkness" . Journal of Asian Multicultural Research for Educational Study, 4(2), 1-6. https://doi.org/10.47616/jamres.v4i2.401
Section
Articles

References

Apocalypse Now. (1979). Dir. Francis Ford Coppola. United Artists,

Arendt, Hannah. (1969). On Violence. San Diego: Harcourt Brace. PDF.

Assad Nassab, Sara. (2006).A postcolonial and psychological approach to Heart of Darkness.

Bhabha, H. K. (1994). The Location of Culture. Routledge: New York.

Bhabha, H. K. (2012). The location of culture. Routledge.

Conrad, J. (1996) Heart of darkness. Palgrave Macmillan, New York, 17-95.

Conrad, J. (1966). Great Short Works of Joseph Conrad. New York: Harper & Row,

Fitzpatrick, P. (2017). The Mythology of Modern Law."

Gikandi, S. (1992). Reading Chinua Achebe: Language (1992) and Ideology in Fiction. London: J.Currey. 100-123. PDF.

Gadekar, S. N. (2018). Imperialism and Morality in Joseph Conrad’s Heart of Darkness. International Journal of English Language, 6(9).

Meiring, A. M. (2006). Heart of darkness: a deconstruction of traditional Christian concepts of reconciliation by means of a religious studies perspective on the Christian and African religions. Diss. University of Pretoria.

Pittner, Fruzsin, and Iain D. (2018). Gaming the Heart of Darkness.” Arts, 7(3). 46. doi:10.3390/arts7030046.

Reicher, S. (2004.). The Context of Social Identity: Domination, Resistance, and Change. International Society of Political Psychology.921-945.

Song-cun, Z. (2017). On the Three Themes of Heart of Darkness” Sino-US English Teaching, February 2017, 14(2), 116-119 doi:10.17265/1539-8072/02.006

Watts, C. (1983). "A Bloody Racist': About Achebe's View of Conrad." The Yearbook of English Studies 13 -196-209.

Zhao, J. (2008). The Tragedy of Kurtz--An Analysis of Kurtz in Heart of Darkness." Asian Social Science.