Savagery and Civilization: Joseph Conrad’s "The Heart of Darkness"

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Fatimah Harbi Hamad
Mishaal Harb Mkhailef


This research paper highlights Joseph Conrad’s satirical portrayal of "The Heart of Darkness" and shows how the white European people, the colonizers, take their lead in the novel to be civilized enough to go over the world and civilize people. Among those people the black people of Dark Continent Africa who were marginalized in the novel and to be called ‘uncivilized’ and ‘savage’ people.  Some great empires like the British Empire used the cover of the civilization so as to achieve their desires over the third world countries. Joseph Conrad in his  Heart of Darkness talked about these important themes, by showing the hypocritical ways that the British Empire used to colonize the third world countries and how did they use wicked plans to convince the world with their occupation.  The British Empire colonized Africa so as to exploit their main resources, especially  ivory, to use them in their manufactories. Also, this study aims to show how the British Empire used the cover of religion so as to convince the world of their deeds and to make them legal. This study focuses on the real ‘savagery’ concealing under the cover of ‘civilization’ and the real darkness existing inside the veil of white men. This study is based on historical research linked with a political background of imperialism. This study comes to its conclusion by showing the wicked ways that great empires used to colonize other countries, like Great British, and their policy to spread their control.


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Hamad, F. H., & Mkhailef, M. H. (2023). Savagery and Civilization: Joseph Conrad’s "The Heart of Darkness" . Journal of Asian Multicultural Research for Educational Study, 4(2), 1-6.


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